Archives of Trauma Research Archives of Trauma Research Arch Trauma Res http://www.archtrauma.com 2251-953X 2251-9599 10.5812/atr. en jalali 2018 2 24 gregorian 2018 2 24 6 2
en 10.5812/atr.27791 Road Fatalities and Their Determinants in Iran: Evidence From Panel Provincial Data Road Fatalities and Their Determinants in Iran: Evidence From Panel Provincial Data research-article research-article Conclusions

The government, ministry of health and policy makers must develop strategies for controling high levels of road fatalities in Iran.

Results

No significant relationships were found regarding the percentage of emergency sites and percentage of cars with road fatalities. Increase in the percentage of motorcycles, rain, highways and freeways increased the risk of road fatalities. The effect of highways in road fatalities was higher than freeways. Increase in the percentage of traffic police sites and people living in urban regions decreased the risk of accident fatalities.

Objectives

The aim of this study was to find factors affecting road fatalities in Iran using macro provincial data.

Materials and Methods

Panel data of provinces of Iran between 2008 and 2012 were used for this study. Panel data Poisson estimator was used for estimating the model. Hausman test and Breusch-pagan test were used for finding between pooled or panel and fixed or random effects.

Background

Studies have shown that the number of road fatalities has been decreasing in developed regions and increasing in less and middle developed regions. Iran has one of the highest road fatalities in the world. Controlling road fatalities is vital for less and middle developed countries like Iran.

Conclusions

The government, ministry of health and policy makers must develop strategies for controling high levels of road fatalities in Iran.

Results

No significant relationships were found regarding the percentage of emergency sites and percentage of cars with road fatalities. Increase in the percentage of motorcycles, rain, highways and freeways increased the risk of road fatalities. The effect of highways in road fatalities was higher than freeways. Increase in the percentage of traffic police sites and people living in urban regions decreased the risk of accident fatalities.

Objectives

The aim of this study was to find factors affecting road fatalities in Iran using macro provincial data.

Materials and Methods

Panel data of provinces of Iran between 2008 and 2012 were used for this study. Panel data Poisson estimator was used for estimating the model. Hausman test and Breusch-pagan test were used for finding between pooled or panel and fixed or random effects.

Background

Studies have shown that the number of road fatalities has been decreasing in developed regions and increasing in less and middle developed regions. Iran has one of the highest road fatalities in the world. Controlling road fatalities is vital for less and middle developed countries like Iran.

Accident Prevention;Cause of Death;Accidents;Motor Vehicles;Poisson Distribution;Econometric Model;Panel Data;Iran Accident Prevention;Cause of Death;Accidents;Motor Vehicles;Poisson Distribution;Econometric Model;Panel Data;Iran http://www.archtrauma.com/index.php?page=article&article_id=27791 Enayatollah Homaie Rad Enayatollah Homaie Rad Guilan Road Trauma Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, IR Iran Guilan Road Trauma Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, IR Iran Maryam Tavakkoli Maryam Tavakkoli Guilan Road Trauma Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, IR Iran; Guilan Road Trauma Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Guilan, IR Iran. Tel: +98-2177266861 Guilan Road Trauma Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, IR Iran; Guilan Road Trauma Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Guilan, IR Iran. Tel: +98-2177266861