Archives of Trauma Research Archives of Trauma Research Arch Trauma Res http://www.archtrauma.portal.tools 2251-953X 2251-9599 10.5812/atr. en jalali 2017 7 25 gregorian 2017 7 25 6 1
en 10.5812/atr.36927 Traffic Police Effectiveness and Efficiency Evaluations, an Overview of Methodological Considerations Traffic Police Effectiveness and Efficiency Evaluations, an Overview of Methodological Considerations review-article review-article Conclusions

Better understanding of the effectiveness and efficiency mechanism and having valid evaluation required considering specific theories and points in this field. Applying a dynamic approach with considering epidemiological concepts and sophisticated statistical models could improve quality of studies in this field.

Results

From a total of 797 articles, 20 were eligible which among them 17 articles were about effectiveness and 3 of them were about efficiency evaluations. Discussed points were the method of study, taking a holistic view to all positive and negative side effects, desired inputs and outputs, relation pattern between police enforcement and outcome and potential confounders.

Context

Every government implements various policies to mitigate road traffic injuries (RTIs). Many of these interventions are performed by traffic police. To evaluate effectiveness and efficiency of police enforcement, numerous studies have been conducted. Potential capabilities of epidemiology could get opportunity to improve these studies. The aim of this study was to extract and discuss some related methodological points of traffic police effectiveness and efficiency from related studies, in view of epidemiology discipline.

Evidence Acquisition

Related articles were searched with “traffic police”, “effectiveness”, “efficiency” and “road safety” keywords in ScienceDirect, PubMed and Safetylit databases. Related papers were selected and read carefully to summarize and discuss the epidemiological points with aims of giving clues to improve quality of studies.

Conclusions

Better understanding of the effectiveness and efficiency mechanism and having valid evaluation required considering specific theories and points in this field. Applying a dynamic approach with considering epidemiological concepts and sophisticated statistical models could improve quality of studies in this field.

Results

From a total of 797 articles, 20 were eligible which among them 17 articles were about effectiveness and 3 of them were about efficiency evaluations. Discussed points were the method of study, taking a holistic view to all positive and negative side effects, desired inputs and outputs, relation pattern between police enforcement and outcome and potential confounders.

Context

Every government implements various policies to mitigate road traffic injuries (RTIs). Many of these interventions are performed by traffic police. To evaluate effectiveness and efficiency of police enforcement, numerous studies have been conducted. Potential capabilities of epidemiology could get opportunity to improve these studies. The aim of this study was to extract and discuss some related methodological points of traffic police effectiveness and efficiency from related studies, in view of epidemiology discipline.

Evidence Acquisition

Related articles were searched with “traffic police”, “effectiveness”, “efficiency” and “road safety” keywords in ScienceDirect, PubMed and Safetylit databases. Related papers were selected and read carefully to summarize and discuss the epidemiological points with aims of giving clues to improve quality of studies.

Police;Epidemiology;Effectiveness;Efficiency Police;Epidemiology;Effectiveness;Efficiency http://www.archtrauma.portal.tools/index.php?page=article&article_id=36927 Habibollah Rahimi Habibollah Rahimi Department of Epidemiology, School of Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Department of Epidemiology, School of Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari Department of Epidemiology, Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Department of Epidemiology, Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Hamid Soori Hamid Soori Department of Epidemiology, Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran; Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran. Tel: +98-9133611401, Fax: +98-2122439980 Department of Epidemiology, Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran; Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran. Tel: +98-9133611401, Fax: +98-2122439980 Seyed Abbas Motevalian Seyed Abbas Motevalian Department of Epidemiology, School of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Department of Epidemiology, School of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Eskandar Momeni Eskandar Momeni Traffic Police of Islamic Republic of Iran, Tehran, Iran Traffic Police of Islamic Republic of Iran, Tehran, Iran Adel Azar Adel Azar Department of Management, Faculty of Management and Economics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran Department of Management, Faculty of Management and Economics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran