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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 34-38

A study of pattern, management, and outcome of complex soft-tissue injuries

1 Department of General Surgery, Be Well Hospitals, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, ACS Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Jayabal Pandiaraja
26/1, Kaveri Street, Rajaji Nagar, Villivakkam, Chennai - 600 049, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/atr.atr_74_22

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Background and Objectives: Complex soft-tissue injuries are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality following road traffic accidents (RTA). This article is regarding the pattern, management, and outcome of complex soft-tissue injuries. Methods: This observational study was conducted on 519 patients, from January 01, 2010, to April 30, 2013, at a tertiary care center in southern India. We analyzed the demographic profile, mechanism of injuries, management, and outcome of complex soft-tissue injuries during this study. Results: Of 519 patients with soft-tissue injury, blunt and penetrating injuries were seen in 81.7% and 18.3% of all cases, respectively. The most common cause of injury was RTA 74.3%. Isolated moral Lavelle injuries without associated neurovascular injuries occurred in 26.3% of patients. Soft-tissue injury was associated with bony, vascular, nerve, and tendon injuries in 52.0%, 44.7%, 20.0%, and 16.3% of all the cases, respectively. Patients who presented early (within 6 h of injuries) and patients with bone-only injuries had higher limb salvage rates. The overall morbidity rate among adults was 16.3% and the mortality rate was 1.9% and the most common cause of death was hemorrhagic shock. Mortality and morbidity in the pediatric group are higher than in the adult group. Conclusions: In summary, health education about road safety and proper safety protocol for two-wheelers and four-wheelers will reduce the incidence of RTA, thereby reducing the incidence of complex soft-tissue injury. The early and aggressive intervention will prevent a high amputation rate in bony injuries combined with vascular injury. A low threshold of blood transfusion and early aggressive treatment in the pediatric population will reduce the high mortality rate.

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