Archives of Trauma Research

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 114--132

Prevalence of sports-related eye injuries: A systematic review and meta-analysis


Behzad F Motlagh1, Nazanin Zamani2, Morteza Ghojazadeh3, Hooman Nateghian3, Hossein Hosseinifard4, Fariba Pashazadeh3, Shirin Yengejeh4 
1 Department of Ophthalmology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Student Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Research Center for Evidence-Based Medicine, Iranian EBM Centre: A Joanna Briggs Institute Affiliated Group, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Research Center for Evidence Based Medicine (rcebm), Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hooman Nateghian
Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Attar Neyshabouri Avenue, Tabriz
Iran

Background and Objectives: More than 42,000 sports-related eye injuries are brought to emergency units every year. Although multiple studies have been conducted on the prevalence of sports-related eye injuries and consequent outcomes, no systematic review has been conducted to summarize the findings of these studies. Therefore, this study was conducted to systematically review the prevalence of sports-related eye injuries and blindness. Methods: A systematic search was conducted to locate the studies that addressed the global prevalence of sports-related eye injuries. The located articles (132 studies) were screened on different levels, and their quality was assessed using the JBI checklist for prevalence studies. The statistical analysis was conducted using CMA v. 3.2, and the results were considered significant for P < 0.05. Results: From a total of 132 studies, 27 articles were included for analyzing the prevalence of sports-related blindness which was 7.2%. Further, 51 studies were used for analyzing the prevalence of sports-related eye injuries in total eye injuries, and the obtained value was 9.3%. Moreover, 29 studies were analyzed to calculate the proportion of sports-related eye injuries to total sports injuries, and the obtained value was 6.7%. Conclusion: Findings of this study suggest that sport-related eye injuries account for a major part of eye injuries and a considerable portion of these traumas lead to blindness.


How to cite this article:
Motlagh BF, Zamani N, Ghojazadeh M, Nateghian H, Hosseinifard H, Pashazadeh F, Yengejeh S. Prevalence of sports-related eye injuries: A systematic review and meta-analysis.Arch Trauma Res 2021;10:114-132


How to cite this URL:
Motlagh BF, Zamani N, Ghojazadeh M, Nateghian H, Hosseinifard H, Pashazadeh F, Yengejeh S. Prevalence of sports-related eye injuries: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Trauma Res [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Dec 3 ];10:114-132
Available from: https://www.archtrauma.com/article.asp?issn=2251-953X;year=2021;volume=10;issue=3;spage=114;epage=132;aulast=Motlagh;type=0